Grant Wood - American Gothic 1930

John B. Turner, Pioneer 1929 Portrait of Frances Fiske Marshall 1929 Woman with Plants 1929 American Gothic 1930 Arnold Comes of Age 1930 Sketch for house in American Gothic 1930 Stone city, Iowa 1930
American Gothic 1930

American Gothic 1930
74x62cm oil on beaver board
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, US

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From Art Institute of Chicago:
This familiar image was exhibited publicly for the first time at the Art Institute of Chicago, winning a three-hundred-dollar prize and instant fame for Grant Wood. The impetus for the painting came while Wood was visiting the small town of Eldon in his native Iowa. There he spotted a little wood farmhouse, with a single oversized window, made in a style called Carpenter Gothic. “I imagined American Gothic people with their faces stretched out long to go with this American Gothic house,” he said. He used his sister and his dentist as models for a farmer and his daughter, dressing them as if they were “tintypes from my old family album.” The highly detailed, polished style and the rigid frontality of the two figures were inspired by Flemish Renaissance art, which Wood studied during his travels to Europe between 1920 and 1926. After returning to settle in Iowa, he became increasingly appreciative of midwestern traditions and culture, which he celebrated in works such as this. American Gothic, often understood as a satirical comment on the midwestern character, quickly became one of America’s most famous paintings and is now firmly entrenched in the nation’s popular culture. Yet Wood intended it to be a positive statement about rural American values, an image of reassurance at a time of great dislocation and disillusionment. The man and woman, in their solid and well-crafted world, with all their strengths and weaknesses, represent survivors.
— Entry, Essential Guide, 2013, p. 56.